Timeline

This timeline is intermingled with national history, Louisville history and family history. I will continue to update it as I research. Feel free to suggest any events that I should include.

1924 Louisville Parks Commission voted to segregate parks in Louisville. Three black parks were built for blacks- Chickasaw Park, Seminole Park (no longer exists) and Sheppard Park.

May 17th 1954- Brown vs. Board of Education. US Supreme Court ruling for the desegregation or partial desegregation of public schools enacted

August 1955- Emmett Till (14 years old) was kidnapped, brutally beaten/disfigured and shot and then thrown into the Tallahatchie River. He allegedly whistled at a woman in front of a store in Money, Mississippi.

1957- Central High School integrates in Little Rock Arkansas. President Eisenhower had to call in the National Guard in due to the blocking of nine African-American students from entering the school under orders issued from Governor Orval Faubas.

1963- The use of scare tactics to force African Americans out of newly integrated neighborhoods is banned by the Kentucky Real Estate Commission. A group of Louisville women form the West End Community Council to encourage peaceful integration of residential neighborhoods.

August 28, 1963- March on Washington-Dr. King delivers his famous speech

September 1963-Delia Hinkle- My mother is born.

November 1963- John F. Kennedy assassinated.

February 25, 1964 Cassius Clay defeats Sonny Liston and announces that he is a member of the Nation of Islam in which he changed his name to Muhammad Ali

July 2nd– 1964 Civil Rights Act Signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson

February 21, 1965- Malcolm X is assassinated in Harlem.

April 4, 1968- Dr. Martin Luther King is assassinated.

 May 1968- Riots take place in the West End of Louisville in the wake of Dr. King’s assassination. The National Guard was called in.

1969- The Kentucky Commission on Human Rights opens centers in Louisville and Lexington to help African Americans moving into new neighborhoods.

A group of black students, inspired by the Black Power movement, takes over a building at the University of Louisville to force changes on campus.

1970The Jefferson County Fiscal Court extends enforcement of Louisville’s local housing law to the county.

April 20, 1971– The Supreme Court, in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, upholds busing as a legitimate means for achieving integration of public schools. Although largely unwelcome (and sometimes violently opposed) in local school districts, court-ordered busing plans.

Fall of 1975-76- Louisville’s Jefferson County implements busing to desegregate Public School system. The 800 National Guardsmen were called in to control  anti-busing people. 1 out of every 6th student was bused. 30 policemen injured and more than 100 people arrested.

http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1891&dat=19750906&id=p6gfAAAAIBAJ&sjid=aNYEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4401,612791

1976- Correcting a historical oversight, the General Assembly, after a campaign led by Mae Street Kidd (Kentucky House of Representatives), ratifies the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution—more than 100 years after they became law.

1976- Open housing ordinances are passed in Covington and Kenton County, and the Fayette County Fiscal Court bans discrimination in housing in Lexington and the county. One of the first acts of Louisville’s new Board of Aldermen is to pass a strong ordinance against housing discrimination, replacing the weaker, voluntary one.

January 23-30 1977- Alex Haley’s book Roots is adapted into a T.V. miniseries and broadcasted by ABC on national television. Due to the accessibility of TV. programing the miniseries impacted education about slavery all throughout the nation. The show caused racial tensions to boil at the newly desegregated schools in Louisville in which fights and squrimishes broke out between white & black students and faculty in some Louisville Public Schools. (Valley High School in particular). My mother said that this was the first time that she was able to learn about what whites did to blacks during slavery, because they never taught it in school. This is pivotal to the resistance and bridging together of families that sat together to watch the miniseries. Through the all star cast children and adults were able to witness the ravages of slavery enacted by heroic members of the African American community. They inhabited the world with dignity and humility in the face of the plights of slavery. After that my mother said that she was not afraid to stand up and fight someone who called her a nigger. It is my belief that this backlash impacted my generation and the idea of political correctness due to the knowledge of these narratives.

July 22, 1980– Sir Antany Marquis Lavonne Hinkle is born at Old General Hospital in Louisville, KY

1992- Rodney King beating in Los Angeles, CA

1996- The state constitution is amended to remove provisions for a poll tax and segregated schools.

December 5, 2002- James Taylor is shot 11 times while handcuffed in his residence in the Smoketown neighborhood by the Louisville Police department. The two officers faced no jail time. It was stated that Taylor had three times the legal limit of alcohol in his system and traces of cocaine. He also allegedly tried to threaten the police with a broken box cutter while handcuffed.

Sources for timeline:

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/civilrightstimeline1.html

http://www.louisville.cc/

http://www.wlky.com/news/1837097/detail.html James Taylor